Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
This famous detective was born in a doctor's office.
The most famous detective of all time was Sherlock Holmes. Of course, he never really lived. He is a character in a series of mystery tales by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. These stories have been admired all over the world for their clever detective work.
Years ago, these tales were studied by police everywhere. In some cities, Sherlock Holmes's work was even copied in the police laboratory.
The last Sherlock Holmes story was written more than sixty years ago. We still think of him with admiration. He was dreamed up by Conan Doyle
when Doyle was a young doctor in England. The doctor had very few patients. To give himself something to do and to earn some money, he started writing his stories about the tall detective and his fat friend, the faithful Dr. Watson.
The first Sherlock Holmes story was "A Study in Scarlet," written in 1886. Two magazines refused the story before another accepted it. The story was then held for several months before it was printed. But soon Sherlock Holmes had become a famous character.
The public admired him so much that the magazine demanded more and more Holmes stories from Conan Doyle. The great success of these stories and the fabulous sums of money that they brought Doyle made him a man of great wealth. He gave up his practice as a doctor and devoted himself entirely to writing stories.
Years passed, and Doyle grew tired of writing tales about Holmes and Dr. Watson and police sergeants. Because he wanted to write serious books, Doyle grew annoyed with the world's admiration for his detective. So he decided to kill Sherlock Holmes. He wrote a story in which Holmes and his enemy, Professor Moriarty, fought at the top of a high cliff. The two men, locked in each other's arms in a fierce struggle, fell to their deaths in the water far below.
Although Conan Doyle never stated publicly that he really modeled Holmes after himself, we can now be sure that he did. Two different times in real life, Doyle used his detective abilities to put together the facts to free men from prison. He proved that the two men were innocent of the crimes they had been charged with. One was a black man named Edalji He had been sent to prison for the cruel killings of animals on nearby farms. Doyle was convinced that Edalji had been arrested and tried mostly because he behaved strangely and because he was black. Working as his famous detective did, Doyle proved that another man had committed the crimes.
The second man that Doyle cleared was Oscar Slater. Slater had been sent to prison for robbing a wealthy old woman and killing her with a hammer. Doyle uncovered evidence that proved that Slater was not guilty.
Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson
Probably the best evidence that Doyle was Holmes are the
words of his widow. After her husband's death, she wrote an article called "Conan Doyle Was Sherlock Holmes." She told about his solving mysteries that the police could not solve. She wrote: "The public does not realize that my husband had the Sherlock Holmes brain."
1. The most famous detective in the world was __________________
2. Arthur Conan Doyle was ______
3. The first model for Sherlock Holmes was ________
4."A Study in Scarlet" is _______
5. The Sherlock Holmes stories ________
6. In one story, Conan Doyle _______
7. In real life, Conan Doyle ________
8. A character in a story ________
9. Another name for this story could be _______
10. This story is mainly about ________
This story is an article from a series of Reading Comprehension Workbooks by Edcon Publishing Group. Edcon Publishing has a very large selection of different types of readings and other
materials for learning. I highly recommend this company. - The Teacher
Stories in Text:
A Study in Scarlet
Sherlock Holmes: Wikipedia
You Tube Video:
Sherlock Holmes, "A Scandal in Bohemia"
Sherlock Holmes, "The Bruce Partington Plans"
Sherlock Holmes, "The Solitary Cyclist"
Sherlock Holmes, "Musgave Ritual"