"Christmas in America" from Voice of America

Christmas Tree at Rockerfeller Center, New York City



VOICE ONE:

Welcome to THIS IS AMERICA in VOA Special English. I'm Barbara Klein.

VOICE TWO:

And I'm Steve Ember.

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:

For millions of Americans, the most wonderful day of the year is December twenty-fifth -- Christmas.

For one thing, it marks the end of the most busy time of year. Many people need a rest after weeks of buying gifts, going to parties, organizing travel and getting their homes ready for the holiday.

VOICE TWO:

With all this, it is often said that Christmas has lost its meaning as the birthday of Jesus Christ. Some churches in the United States have cancelled Christmas Day services, so people can spend the day with their families. This was even true last year when Christmas came on a Sunday, the traditional day of worship.

"Epiphany" Heirnonymus Bosch, 1480
These churches still offer Christmas Eve services, though. And many Christians still go to church on Christmas Day or the night before. They consider it an important part of celebrating the holiday.

Another important part of the Christmas season is music. Among traditional carols, one of the most popular is "Silent Night."

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:

Most Americans identify themselves as Christian, even if they are not very religious. But the freedom to choose any religion, or no religion at all, is guaranteed by the Constitution. The Constitution separates religion and government.

Yet each year brings disputes over holiday observances that some may see as too religious for public schools or other public places.

Others say the real problem is too much political correctness; things like saying "Happy Holidays" when people mean "Merry Christmas." They say people should not be so worried about the risk of offending a stranger.

VOICE TWO:

But not all Americans celebrate Christmas. And even those who do might not celebrate it as a religious holiday. This is true of Christians as well as non-Christians. Still, they treat it as a special day.

And it is hard to think of anyone that Christmas is more special for than children. Of course, this has a lot to do with the tradition of a kindly old man with a big belly and a bright red suit. Children know Santa Claus as the one who leaves gifts under the tree on Christmas Eve.

But only if they are good little children and go to sleep.

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:

Stores crowded with holiday gift buyers may be good for the economy. But some people celebrate Christmas in less material ways. For example, they volunteer to serve meals at shelters for the homeless or visit old people in nursing homes. To them, this is honoring the true spirit of Christmas.

VOICE TWO:

Once people bring home a Christmas tree, they may struggle with setting it up so it does not fall over. But then they enjoy decorating it with colorful lights and ornaments.

In some families, the tradition is to open gifts on Christmas Eve. In others, though, people wait until Christmas morning to open their presents.

A big Christmas dinner is a tradition in many families. And so are special treats like Christmas cookies covered in powdered sugar.

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:

Many people travel long distances to be home with their families at Christmas. But not everyone is able to be with loved ones. For some, Christmas can be a lonely time. Most businesses and public places are closed for the holiday. But some restaurants stay open and serve Christmas dinner.

Friends celebrating at a restaurant
A retired man in Washington, D.C., says he enjoys his Christmas dinner at a local restaurant. In fact, he says that after spending several Christmases there, he has become friends with other people who spend their Christmases there, too.

(MUSIC)

VOICE TWO:

Caroling is a Christmas tradition that goes back hundreds of years. Sometimes carolers walk along a street and the group stops at each house to sing a song. Other times they gather in a public place. Carolers may visit places like shopping centers, hospitals and nursing homes. School choruses are often invited to sing songs of the holiday season.

And, of course, caroling can be found in churches. Listen as the choir of Trinity Church in Boston sings "Carol of the Bells."

(MUSIC)

Festival of Lights
VOICE ONE:
December is usually also the time of the ancient Jewish holiday of Hanukkah; this year it began at sundown on December fifteenth. The eight-day Festival of Lights honors the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem after the Maccabees defeated King Atiochus of Syria.

Muslims will celebrate the holiday of Eid al-Adha in January. The Feast of Sacrifice marks the end of the yearly pilgrimage to Mecca.

VOICE TWO:

Kwanzaa celebration
Most black Americans celebrate Christmas. But after Christmas, from December twenty-sixth to January first, many also celebrate Kwanzaa. This African-American holiday honors culture, community and family. The name comes from a Swahili term meaning "first fruits." Kwanzaa started during the nineteen-sixties, an important period in the modern civil rights movement.

(MUSIC)





The Nutcracker Suite
VOICE ONE:

For many children, a favorite Christmas tradition is watching a performance of the ballet "The Nutcracker." The Russian composer Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky wrote the music in eighteen ninety-one. "The Nutcracker" is a story told in dance about a young girl named Clara.

Clara is celebrating Christmas with her family and friends. One of her gifts is a wooden nutcracker shaped like a toy soldier. Clara is shown how to put a nut in the mouth to break the shell open with the head. But she dreams that the nutcracker comes to life as a good-looking prince.

VOICE TWO:

We leave you with the Philadelphia Orchestra under Eugene Ormandy performing "The Waltz of the Flowers" from "The Nutcracker."

(MUSIC)

VOICE ONE:

Our program was written by Jerilyn Watson and produced by Caty Weaver. I'm Barbara Klein.

VOICE TWO:

And I'm Steve Ember. You can find archives of our programs on the Web at voaspecialenglish.com. And we hope you can join us again next week for THIS IS AMERICA in VOA Special English.

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Correction: This report said Muslims would celebrate Eid al-Adha in January. The holiday, which lasts three or four days, depending on the tradition, began December thirtieth.

COMPREHENSION CHECK

1. In "The Nutcracker", Clara dreams that a device used to crack nuts ___________________ .
a: can also be used to stir soup
b: can transform into a handsome prince
c: can change into an efficient servant who knows how to fix things
d: can bring gifts to children by going up and down a chimney

2. The story of "The Nutcracker" was written by the great German writer, T.E. Hoffmann. The writer of the Ballet was the great Russian composer _____________________ .
a: Modest Mussorgsky
b: Vladimir Martynov
c: Sergei Prokofiev
d: Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

3. The end of the yearly pilgrimage to Mecca is celebrated in the Muslim holiday "_____________________" at the end of December and beginning of January.
a: Eid al-Adha
b: Ashura Day
c: Laylat al Qadr
d: Laylat ul Isra

4. Many African-Americans celebrate Kwanzaa. The name comes from Swahili and it means "________________."
a: first fruits of the harvest
b: mutual respect
c: hard work and cooperation
d: community togetherness

5. On Hanukkah, Jewish people celebrate the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem with _______________________ .
a: an eight day Festival of Lights
b: a tree covered with colored lights
c: carolers singing in the street
d: visiting the elderly and sick in hospitals

6. Probably, Christmas is the most special and magical for ___________________ .
a: store owners
b: children
c: men dressed in Santa Claus costumes
d: reindeer

7. An example of "Political Correctness" is saying "____________________" instead of "Merry Christmas" in order not to offend a stranger whose religion may not be Christianity.
a: Do you believe Jesus is your savior?
b: You can't go to heaven unless you're a Christian
c: Happy Holidays
d: What are you giving me for Christmas?
e: Believe on Him and you'll be saved!!!

8. According to the United States Bill of Rights, the people of the United States are guaranteed freedom of ____________________ .
a: marriage
b: styles of dress
c: religion
d: pet ownership

9. In the U.S., Christmas has lost its meaning as the birthday of Jesus Christ because __________________ .
a: churches cancel services so people can spend the day with families
b: most Americans don't know who Jesus Christ was
c: most Americans think Santa Claus is more important
d: most Americans are not Christians

10. During the busiest time of year called "The Holidays", most people ______________.
a: buy gifts
b: make travel plans
c: go to parties
d: get their homes ready for the holidays
e: All of the above



Interviews about Christmas. Darren expresses his feelings that Christmas has become too commercial. Darren is Welsh, so his accent is different from the American accent. Please, listen to Darren. Do you agree with him or not? Explain your reasons for agreeing or disagreeing. You can write in the comment field or email me at johnnyboylr@gmail.com

NEWS FLASH from VOA

Christmas is not a traditional Chinese holiday. But the brightly-colored lights of the season are attracting a growing number of Chinese fans, who say they like the idea of decorating and giving gifts.

In Beijing, the Christmas holiday is one of many cultural imports interpreted with Chinese characteristics.

Many of the world's Christmas decorations are made in China, but not everything is sent overseas. These days, 25-year-old Luo Jie is one of the many who like what she calls “the Christmas atmosphere.”

“I might go eat with friends, and go watch a movie, and then at midnight, I might go to Wangfujing, where they have a church, to get some of the feeling of Christmas,” she said.

She's planning to buy presents for her friends, family and teachers.

Holiday sales are a draw for 39-year-old department store employee Sunny. She is buying decorations to give her customers the Christmas feeling.

“There's that story about Santa Claus' generosity. That's why I think people, from kids to adults, like Christmas because they anticipate gifts,” said Sunny.

Vendor Du Yanyan said Chinese New Year is still the most popular holiday in China, but Christmas is gaining.

“Chinese families are willing to spend some money on Christmas decorations. Before there wasn't as many, but now, people know that it is Christmas and they say ‘I want to buy a tree or some presents,’” said Du Yanyan.

The holiday shopping comes as the Chinese government tries to increase domestic spending to boost the economy. But many shoppers are like Luo Jie, who says she mainly enjoys Christmas’ distinctive look and music.

“On the streets, you hear Christmas songs - 'Jingle bells, jingle bells' - it's very fun,” she said.

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